The Evolution of Architectural Design
DID YOU KNOW?
- The concept of BIM originated in the 1970s at Georgia Institute of Technology in the US. It was attributed to Charles Eastman, an architect and professor at the school who designed a precursor to BIM called Building Description System (BDS).
- Graphisoft in Hungary was the first company to create a virtual building in 1987 using a software they developed called Radar CH. Eventually, this software was called ArchiCAD.
- ArchiCAD was the first BIM software that could be used on a personal computer.
- BIM can be utilized to create sustainable buildings. It has certain features that analyze energy efficiency, ventilation, water flow and heat gain. Data collected from these can be used to reduce the impact on the environment.
When Computer-aided Design and Drafting (CADD) software was first introduced in the 1980s, it transformed the construction and design industry. It set a standard for architects, engineers and graphic designers when it comes to creating designs and constructing buildings. However, while CADD might have improved the quality of architectural designs and construction, it still had many limitations that failed to provide maximum efficiency between design professionals and project managers.
It wasn’t until the arrival of Building Information Modeling (BIM) tool in the 1990s that the industry saw significant changes when it comes to construction and architectural designs.
What is BIM?
BIM is a revolutionary software that enables design professionals to create three-dimensional models of buildings. What makes BIM special is that it processes data such as geographic information, space, geometry, light, quantities and properties of building components to create better and integrated designs. It even lets design professionals simulate and monitor the performance of a building and make necessary adjustments.
BIM has many advantages:
- It maximizes the efficiency and productivity of workers
- It estimates costs and completion of construction projects
- It allows for easy collaboration and data sharing among team members
- It detects and forecasts construction and design issues
The Next Wave in Construction and Design
In the coming years, emerging technologies will play a greater part in construction in conjunction with BIM. BIM will be integrated with automated systems which will further enhance construction and project management. Construction robotics, digital field devices and wearable technology will work hand in hand with BIM to take construction work to the next level.
To read more of how BIM can work with emerging technologies, read the full article here.